Overview of painting grounds and tools in oil painting

The oil painting is considered high art, which is not only popular with professional artists, but also in the hobby area and widely used. Despite the rather long tradition and the ever-changing new products on the market, such as water-reducible oil paints or bar-shaped oil paints, oil painting has retained much of its originality.

In addition to the colors and their properties themselves, one of the great advantages of oil painting is that ultimately only a few resources are needed to paint your first own paintings.

Thus, in principle only one painting base, brush, a few oil paints, a little oil for mixing and a brush cleaner are needed for the beginning. Of course, this basic equipment can later be extended continuously.

Which painting reasons are used and which ones
basic tools used in oil painting,
summarizes the following overview:

•Painting ground.

Among the most popular painting in the oil painting include linen and cotton fabrics, which are stretched over a stretcher. Through the tissue and the bounce, which results from the tensioning, results in the characteristic of the oil painting surface structure.

Also quite popular are painting boards, on which cotton is laminated. Like paint boards made of wood or hardboard, these paint boards have the advantage that they are less sensitive to damage than stretcher bars. There are also specially coated oil-based paper and thicker oil paint board.

These are usually cheaper than fabric canvas, but also have a surface texture that looks like linen.

The painting ground and its stability significantly influence how long the work of art is, because over time oil paints lose their elasticity and tend more and more to become brittle.

• Brush.

Pork bristle brushes are used when applying oil paint in thick textures. The bristles are uniformly flexible and often split at the tips, this effect favors a controlled application of thick paint.

If low-viscosity oil paints are painted, fine details worked out or painted in the glaze technique, soft brushes are used. Formerly, these were brushes made of soft real hair, today, synthetic brushes are also used, some of which are of higher quality and make even better results possible.

• Palette.

Usually in the hobby area mixed plastic pallets are used, but also suitable are pallets made of ceramic, glass or metal. There are also special mixed paper pallets that are available in a kind of block and where the top sheet is then torn off and disposed of.

In general, especially for beginners, that the mixing palette should be as bright as possible, preferably white, since the color impression and the effect of the color mixture are best reproduced on this substrate.

• Easel.

In the first painting attempts can be waived quite an easel, but painting on an easel is much more comfortable.

Easels are available in different versions. It makes sense to fall back on a Akademiestaffelei.

Although this is a little more expensive, but is also suitable for large format images. Fieldstaffels are primarily intended for outdoor painting. They are thus easier to handle and easier to transport, but often not suitable for larger images due to their stability.